Prostate Cancer: Treatments by Stage

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  • Then walk straight on the underground passage. Take the last car from the center, at the exit from the underground turn left and walk along Kutuzovsky prospect in the direction of the Moscow region on the air bridge. Inna Kondrashova Obstetrician-gynecologist, Ph. Kutuzovskaya metro station, the first car from the center, when you exit from the station turn right and walk along Kutuzovsky prospect in the direction of the traffic towards Moscow region. Inna has worked in medicine for more than 23 years.
In Oksana graduated from the Medical Faculty of Vladivostok State Medical Institute, and in completed internship in obstetrics and gynecology, prostage accounting system stage cancer. It is not a secret that positive atmosphere and emotional state are very important factors for recovery. Olga specializes in treatment of acute respiratory infections, asthma, pneumonia, vascular dystonia, hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic pyelonephritis, arthrosis-arthritis, spinal osteochondrosis and other diseases. Olga has numerous additional specializations, including: Experience — 14 years.
Prostate cancer stage in advanced prostate cancer

Prostage accounting system stage cancer

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Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. In the United States U. Inthe American Cancer Society predicts that there will be aroundnew diagnoses of prostate cancer, and that around 26, fatalities will occur because of it.

There are usually no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer. However, if symptoms do appear, they usually involve one or more of the following:. Watchful waiting or monitoring: PSA blood levels are regularly checked, but prostage accounting system stage cancer is no immediate action.

The risk of side-effects sometimes outweighs the need for immediate treatment for this slow-developing cancer, prostage accounting system stage cancer.

The prostate is surgically removed. Traditional surgery requires a hospital stay of up to 10 days, with a recovery time of up to 3 months. Robotic keyhole surgery involves a shorter hospitalization and recovery period, but it can be more expensive. Patients should speak to their insurer about coverage. Radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment. Radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ or region that requires treatment.

This minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation. Intensity modulated radiation therapy: Beams with variable intensity are used. This is an advanced form of conformal radiation therapy, prostage accounting system stage cancer. In the early stages, patients may receive radiation therapy combined with hormone therapy for 4 to 6 months.

Treatment recommendations depend on individual cases. The patient should discuss all available options with aricept commercial actress urologist or oncologist.

Androgen deprivation therapy ADTor androgen suppression therapy, is a hormone treatment that reduces the effect of androgen. Androgens are male hormones that can stimulate cancer growth. ADT can slow down and even stop cancer growth by reducing androgen levels. The patient will likely need long-term hormone therapy, prostage accounting system stage cancer.

Even if the hormone therapy stops working after a while, there may be other options. Participation in clinical trials is one option that a patient may wish to discuss with the doctor.

Radical prostatectomy is not currently an option for advanced cases, as it does not treat the cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. As the prostate is directly involved with sexual reproduction, removing it affects semen production and fertility.

Radiation therapy affects the prostate tissue and often reduces the ability to father children. The sperm can be damaged and the semen insufficient for transporting sperm. Options for preserving these functions can include donating to a sperm bank before surgery, or having sperm extracted directly from the testicles for artificial insemination into an egg.

However, the success of these options is never guaranteed. Patients with prostate cancer can speak to a fertility doctor if they still intend to father children, prostage accounting system stage cancer. The prostate is a walnut-sized exocrine gland. This means that its fluids and secretions are intended for use outside of the body, prostage accounting system stage cancer. The prostate produces the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm on their journey to fuse with a female ovum, or egg, and produce human life.

The prostate contracts and forces these fluids out during orgasm. The protein excreted by the prostate, prostate-specific antigen PSAhelps semen retain its liquid state.

An excess of this protein in the blood is one of the first signs of prostate cancer. The urethra is tube through which sperm and urine exit the body. It also passes through the prostate. As such, the prostate is also responsible for urine control. It can tighten and restrict the flow of urine through the urethra using thousands of tiny muscle fibers. It usually starts in the glandular cells.

This is known as adenocarcinoma. Tiny changes occur in the shape prostage accounting system stage cancer size of the prostate gland cells, known as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia PIN. This tends to happen slowly and does not show symptoms until further into the progression. Nearly 50 percent of all men over the age of 50 years have PIN. High-grade PIN is considered pre-cancerous, and it requires further investigation. Low-grade PIN is not a cause for concern.

Prostate cancer can be successfully treated if it is diagnosed before metastasis, but if it spreads, it is more dangerous. It most commonly spreads to the bones. Staging takes into account the size and extent of the tumor and the scale of the metastasis whether it has traveled to other organs and tissues.

At Stage 0, the tumor has neither spread imodium ad and epileptic seizures the prostate gland nor invaded deeply into it. At Stage 4, the cancer has spread to distant sites and organs. A doctor will carry out a physical examination and enquire about any ongoing medical history. If the patient has symptoms, or if a routine blood test shows abnormally high PSA prostage accounting system stage cancer, further examinations may be requested.

These will help confirm the stage of the cancer, whether it has spread, prostage accounting system stage cancer, and what treatment is appropriate. If the disease is found before it spreads to other organs in a process known as metastasis, the 5-year survival rate is 99 percent. After fifteen years, this decreases to 96 percent. Once the cancer metastasizes, or spreads, the 5-year survival rate is 29 percent.

Prostate cancer is rare among men under the age of 45 years, but more common after the age of 50 years. Prostate cancer occurs most frequently in North America, northwestern Europe, on the Caribbean islands, and in Australia. The reasons remain unclear. A man also has a much higher risk of developing cancer if his identical twin has it, and a man whose brother or father had prostate cancer has twice the risk of developing it compared to other men.

Having a brother who has or has had prostate cancer is more of a genetic risk than having a father with the disease. Some research has suggested that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug NSAID use may reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

This is a controversial area, and results have not been confirmed. There has also been some investigation into whether statins might slow the progression of prostate cancer. One study concluded that results were "weak and inconsistent. It is often believed that obesity is linked to the development of prostate cancer, but the American Cancer Society maintains that there is no clear link. Some studies have found that obesity increases the risk of death in advanced cancers. Studies have also concluded that obesity decreases the risk that a cancer will be low-grade if it does occur.

Exposure to Agent Orange, a chemical weapon used in the Vietnam war, may possibly be linked to the development of more aggressive types of cancer, but the extent of this has not been confirmed. Article last updated by Tim Newman on Mon 27 November All references are available in the References tab. Agent orange and cancer. Statin use in prostate cancer: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights 9, prostage accounting system stage cancer, Radiotherapy and hormone treatment in prostate cancer: How common is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer risk factors. Understanding your pathology report: Do African-American men need separate prostate cancer screening guidelines? BioMed Central Urology, 16, prostage accounting system stage cancer, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and prostate cancer: Canadian Prostage accounting system stage cancer Association Journal 3 4, prostage accounting system stage cancer, Survival rates for prostate cancer.

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Prostage accounting system stage cancer

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