Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into blood vessels, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressurehigh blood pressure 140 90, also called hypertensionis dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosishigh blood pressure 140 90, to stroke, high blood pressure 140 90, kidney disease, and to heart failure.
A blood pressure reading is written like this: The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play a role, including:. This type of high blood pressure is called "essential hypertension.
Though essential hypertension remains somewhat mysterious, it has been linked to certain risk factors. High blood pressure tends to run in families and is more likely to affect men than women. Age and race also play a role. In the United States, blacks are twice as likely as whites to have high blood pressure, although the gap begins to narrow around age After age 65, black women have the highest incidence of high blood pressure.
Essential hypertension is also greatly influenced by diet and lifestyle. The link between salt and high blood pressure is especially compelling. People living on the northern islands of Japan eat more vitamin treatment for adhd per capita than anyone else in the world and have the highest incidence of essential hypertension.
By contrast, people who add no salt to their food show virtually no traces of essential hypertension. Other factors that can raise the risk of having essential hypertension include obesity ; diabetes ; stress; insufficient intake of potassiumcalciumand magnesium ; lack of physical activity ; and chronic alcohol consumption.
High blood pressure 140 90 a direct cause for high blood pressure can be identified, the condition is described as secondary hypertension.
Among the known causes high blood pressure 140 90 secondary hypertension, high blood pressure 140 90, kidney disease ranks highest. Hypertension can also be triggered by tumors or other abnormalities that cause the adrenal glands small glands that sit atop the kidneys to secrete excess amounts of the hormones that elevate blood pressure. Birth control pills -- specifically those containing estrogen -- and pregnancy can boost blood pressure, as can medications that constrict blood vessels.
What causes high blood pressure? Continued Essential hypertension is also greatly influenced by diet and lifestyle. Secondary Hypertension When a direct cause for high blood pressure can be identified, the condition is described as secondary hypertension.
People with family members who have high blood pressure Smokers African-Americans Pregnant women Women who take birth control pills People over the age of 35 People who are overweight or obese People who are not active People who drink alcohol excessively People who eat too many fatty foods or foods with too much salt People who have sleep apnea.